"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Linguistic Resources for Natural Language Processing 01
This book is about "Predicate Driven Grammar" (PDG), a new type of
linguistic grammar. PDG is strongly influenced by the Sense-Text-Model and
by the writings of Zellig Harris and Maurice Gross. Unlike most other
grammars, PDG presupposes a language to be a relation over the Cartesian
product of a set of texts and a set of meanings. A PDG assigns to each text
the set of its meanings and to each meaning the set of its texts and,
therefore, relates each two texts that are paraphrases, no matter if they
are texts of the same or of different languages. In other words, a PDG is a
theory of intralingal and interlingual paraphrasing (also known as
translating). A PDG is supposed to achieve this by respecting certain
fundamental properties of language: ambiguity (the property of texts to
have several meanings), polymorphism (the property of meanings to have
several texts), predicate-basedness and non-modularity. The term
"predicate-basedness" is supposed to refer to that fact that each predicate
of a natural language comes with its very own set of syntax rules. The term
"non-modularity" is supposed to refer to the fact that each syntax rule of
a natural-language predicate comes with its very own semantics.