"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Intonation in the Grammar of English is written for scholars interested in
language but not necessarily linguists or phoneticians. An introduction
covers speech sound, locating it in relation to other phenomena and
disciplines, discussing its representation and interpretation, and
introducing the systems and strata which frame its analysis in terms of
systemic functional linguistics. The three kinds of meaning -- textual
meaning (relating language to its ever changing context), interpersonal
meaning (allowing us to enact our social exchanges with others) and
ideational meaning (construing the logic through which we represent the
world we live in) -- are each achieved in part through intonation. We make
these meanings through choices: in terms of locating the main rise or fall
in an intonation contour; in terms of fitting an intonation contour to part
of a clause, to a whole clause, or to more than a clause; and in terms of
the shape of the intonation contour. A CD ROM integrated with the book
provides examples as the systems of intonational choices are presented, and
also gives examples of these systems being drawn on in different dialects
of English, and in the many different exchange situations in which speakers
find themselves in the course of a day.