"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The first year of teaching has been characterized as a type of “reality
shock” for many language teachers. This may be because the ideals that
novice teachers formed during teacher training/education are often replaced
by the reality of school life where much of their energy has shifted to
learning how to adapt and survive in a new school culture. Although the
first year of teaching has been well documented in general education
research, not many detailed studies outlining the experiences of language
teachers in their first year of teaching have been documented in the
language education literature. This is surprising because as some scholars
have suggested, in order to establish an effective knowledge-base for
second/foreign language teacher education, language teacher educators must
have some understanding of schools and schooling and the social and
cultural contexts in which learning how to teach takes place. The purpose
of this collection is to discuss the challenges and influences novice
language teachers face when teaching in their first years. The volume
outlines several detailed case studies of the experiences second/foreign
language teachers during their first year of teaching in such diverse
contexts as the USA, Canada, Singapore, Cambodia, the UK, Italy, southern
Europe, Hong Kong, and Japan.