"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book takes apart and problematises the whole process of identifying
and explaining the patterning of words in sentences. It brings together two
concepts – syntax and text – that are normally treated separately, and
shows how they can best be understood in relation to each other. Part 1,
Processing the text, concentrates on getting texts ready for syntactic
analysis. Since the data needs to be mediated through the processing of the
text, the nature of that processing and its effects on subsequent analysis
need to be made explicit. Part 2, Analysing the clause, introduces the
relevant syntactic phenomena and the sorts of concepts normally used to
explain them. It shows how many of the assumptions of traditional syntactic
analysis derive from the languages which form the basis of the European
tradition, and that different languages require the so-called "basic
categories" of syntactic analysis to be rethought. Part 3, Theorising
syntax, sketches the range of syntactic theories available for the
"consumer". It gives a sense of developments in the field over the last 50
years not just in terms of the usual "schools", but by picking up on
concepts such as the key complementarity between syntagmatic and
paradigmatic to characterise the emphases and biases of different theories.