"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Culture and Gender of Voice Pitch
A Sociophonetic Comparison of the Japanese and Americans
The major task of the book is a sociophonetic exploration of voice pitch
characteristics of speakers across the cultures of Japan and America. This
volume makes a cogent argument for the socio-cultural role of voice pitch
in the expression of emotion and politeness and how culture and gender can
intersect with each other. The book tenders acoustic phonetic evidence (as
well as discourse analyses) in construing how an individual’s voice pitch
modulation utilized in conversational speech is reflected in this
intersection as it demonstrates several methodological innovations crucial
for sociophonetic research.
Observations of people’s voice pitch commonly made impressionistically not
only contributed to this prosodic feature’s perceptual stereotypes, but
also inform us about our attitudes towards certain voice pitch
characteristics. This volume includes an extensive review of these
impressionistic remarks and acoustic phonetic investigations of voice pitch
initiated in the early 20th century in the two nations, the latter of which
contributed to both confirming and reconsidering the former. The volume
further alludes to how attitudinal differences between these cultures were
found to surface in the acoustically measured voice pitch modulation
patterns obtained for this volume, stressing that voice pitch is capable of
revealing various socio-cultural aspects of human behaviors.