"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change
Junichi Toyota presents a coherent historical development of the passive
voice in English. Unique to this study is the use of continuum in the
historical framework, and an examination of various constructions relating
to the passive voice, demonstrating an intricate relationship among
different constructions and functions over periods of time. Historical
changes often leave some evidence of earlier constructions or functions,
which can be identified in terms of gradience. This type of analysis has
been neglected, and the voice continuum reveals that there are a number of
cases of gradience. Furthermore detailed morphosemantic analysis reveals
that not all previous work on the origin of some constructions, such as the
get-passive, may be accurate, and some radical claims have been made
concerning such constructions. The author explains complex details
schematically, making this an accessible read for researchers and students
of language history and language change.