"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Subjunctive in the Age of Prescriptivism
English and German Developments During the Eighteenth Century
Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change
Anita Auer presents a comparative study relating to the description, use
and development of the inflectional subjunctive in English and German in
the eighteenth century. She is concerned with the establishment of
linguistic norms in the history of English and German, with a particular
focus on the Austrian German variety, and the socio-political contexts in
which these norms arose, as well as their influence on actual usage. The
hitherto unresolved question of whether and to what extent prescriptive
grammarians influenced the development of the subjunctive in both languages
is examined and successfully evaluated through a close comparison between
meta-linguistic comments (eighteenth-century grammars) and actual language
usage (corpus study). Students and researchers of (socio-) historical
linguistics in English and German as well as other languages will find this
study comprehensive, carefully researched and accessible.