"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Formal Grammars in Linguistics and Psycholinguistics
Volume 1: An Introduction to the Theory of Formal Languages and Automata, Volume 2: Applications in Linguistic Theory, Volume 3: Psycholinguistic Applications
Almost four decades have passed since Formal Grammars first appeared
in 1974. At that time it was still possible to rather comprehensively
review for (psycho)linguists the relevant literature on the theory of
formal languages and automata, on their applications in linguistic theory
and in the psychology of language. That is no longer feasible. In all three
areas developments have been substantial, if not breathtaking. Nowadays, an
interested linguist or psycholinguist opening any text on formal languages
can no longer see the wood for the trees, as it is by no means evident
which formal, mathematical tools are really required for natural language
applications. An historical perspective can be helpful here. There are
paths through the wood that have been beaten since decades; they can still
provide useful orientation. The origins of these paths can be traced in the
three volumes of Formal Grammars, brought together in the present
re-edition. In a newly added postscript the author has sketched what has
become, after all these years, of formal grammars in linguistics and
psycholinguistics, or at least some of the core developments. This chapter
may provide further motivation for the reader to make a trip back to some
of the historical sources.