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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Book Information


Title: Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage
Subtitle: A methodological analysis of theory and research
Written By: Gerard J. Steen
URL: http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=CELCR%2010
Series Title: Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research 10

Now Available in Paperback!

Cognitive linguists have proposed that metaphor is not just a matter of
language but of thought, and that metaphorical thought displays a high
degree of conventionalization. In order to produce converging evidence for
this theory of metaphor, a wide range of data is currently being studied
with a large array of methods and techniques. Finding Metaphor in Grammar
and Usage aims to map the field of this development in theory and research
from a methodological perspective. It raises the question when exactly
evidence for metaphor in language and thought can be said to count as
converging. It also goes into the various stages of producing such evidence
(conceptualization, operationalization, data collection and analysis, and
interpretation). The book offers systematic discussion of eight distinct
areas of metaphor research that emerge as a result of approaching metaphor
as part of grammar or usage, language or thought, and symbolic structure or
cognitive process.

Table of contents

Preface xiii
Ackowledgements xv
Part I. Foundations 1
Chapter 1. Mapping the field 3–25
Chapter 2. The deductive approach 27–46
Chapter 3. Conceptualization: Theoretical definitions 47–71
Chapter 4. Operationalization: Operational definitions 73–102
Chapter 5. Application: Data collection and analysis 103–129
Part II. Finding metaphor in grammar 131
Chapter 6. Linguistic forms in grammar 133–169
Chapter 7. Conceptual structures in grammar (1): Domains 171–200
Chapter 8. Conceptual structures in grammar (2): Mappings 201–228
Chapter 9. Cognitive processes and products in grammar 229–263
Part III: Finding metaphor in usage 265
Chapter 10. Linguistic forms and conceptual structures in usage (1):
Metaphorical language use 267–308
Chapter 11. Linguistic forms and conceptual structures in usage (2): Other
forms of metaphor 309–343
Chapter 12. Cognitive processes and products in usage 345–378
Conclusion 379
Chapter 13. Evidence for metaphor in grammar and usage 381–403
References 405–425
Index 427–430

“This volume is a must-have for anyone interested in metaphor research. It
offers authoritative, up-to-date coverage of theory and research on
metaphor, while preserving a rich, usage-based perspective. It covers the
major theories of metaphor, including conceptual metaphor, blending,
structure-mapping and categorization-based approaches, and does so in a
clear, highly readable fashion. A particularly valuable feature for
instructors and students is a set of tables in which Steen systematizes and
compares positions and predictions across the major theories of metaphor.”
- Dedre Gentner, Northwestern University

“Gerard Steen’s important and provocative book addresses the problem of how
to reliably identify metaphors and adequately account for their symbolic
and conceptual structure, as well as their production and comprehension.
Steen’s research agenda is ambitious. He develops a multidimensional
procedural approach to metaphor identification and description that, at
each stage, is guided by transparent intersubjective verifiable principles.
This monograph is a most welcome contribution to the study of metaphor. It
is bound to stimulate discussion about the empirical validity of current
conceptual metaphor theories.”
- Klaus-Uw Panther, University of Hamburg

Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Cognitive Science
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789027239013
Pages: 430
Prices: Europe EURO 36.00
U.S. $ 54.00