"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This study explores the field of EFL (English as a foreign language)
classroom learning within a formal learning institution. Drawing on
theories and methods from various disciplines, this book explores the
question which has been frustrating language teachers: why do so many
students remain reticent and anxious in language class?
Based on a large-scale survey and a more focused case study, the book
argues persuasively that reticence and anxiety in formal EFL classrooms are
important factors in determining the outcome of language learning. By means
of a triangulated research method, this book examines various aspects of
reticence and anxiety in EFL classroom learning situations. The author
analyses causes and consequences, differences in terms of gender and
proficiency level, and coping strategies.
EFL classroom - Oral English Lessons - Participation and Anxiety in Formal
Classroom Learning Situation - A Triangulated Method of Collecting and
Analyzing Data - A Communication Model in Formal Classroom Learning
Situation - A foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Model in Formal Classroom