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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: The Genesis of Syntactic Complexity
Subtitle: Diachrony, ontogeny, neuro-cognition, evolution
Written By: T. Givón
URL: http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=Z%20146
Description:

Complex hierarchic syntax is a hallmark of human language. The highest
level of syntactic complexity, recursive-embedded clauses, has been singled
out by some for a special status as the evolutionary apex of the uniquely -
human language faculty - evolutionary yet mysteriously immune to Darwinian
adaptive selection. Prof. Givón's book treats syntactic complexity as an
integral part of the evolutionary rise of human communication. The book
first describes grammar as an adaptive instrument of communication,
assembled upon the pre-existing platform of pre-linguistic object-
and-event cognition and mental representation. It then surveys the two
grand developmental trends of human language: diachrony, the
communal enterprise directly responsible for fashioning synchronic
morpho-syntax and cross-language diversity; and ontogeny, the
individual endeavor directly responsible for acquiring the competent use of
grammar. The genesis of syntactic complexity along these two developmental
trends is compared with second language acquisition, pre-grammatical pidgin
and pre-human communication. The evolutionary relevance of language
diachrony, language ontogeny and pidginization is argued for on general
bio-evolutionary grounds: It is the organism's adaptive on-line
behavior
- invention, learning and skill acquisition - that is the
common thread running through all three developmental trends. The
neuro-cognitive circuits that underlie language, and their evolutionary
underpinnings, are described and assessed. Recursive embedding turns out to
be not an adaptive target on its own, but the by-product of two distinct
adaptive moves: (i) the recruitment of conjoined clauses as modal operators
on, or referential specifiers of, other clauses; and (ii) the subsequent
condensation of paratactic into syntactic structures.

Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: John Benjamins
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Sociolinguistics
Syntax
Language Acquisition
Cross-Cultural Communication
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9789027290052
Prices: U.S. $ 165.00
Europe EURO 110.00
 
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9789027232533
Prices: Europe EURO 110.00
U.S. $ 165.00
 
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789027232540
Prices: Europe EURO 36.00
U.S. $ 54.00