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Title: Directionality and locality
Subtitle: With special reference to vowel harmony with special reference to vowel harmony
Written By: Shakuntala Mahanta
Series Title: LOT Dissertations Series 173
Description:

In this dissertation it is argued that regressive harmony in some languages
is exclusively unidirectional and independent of morphological
restrictions. Primarily focussing on Assamese (with original research and
data from the language), regressive harmony is shown to be the result of a
precedence relation, where ‘marked’ sequences of vowels are prohibited. It
is shown that regressive [ATR] harmony in Assamese, Pulaar and Karajá can
be analysed with the aid of a higher, though violable constraint
*[-ATR][+ATR]. Non-iterative regressive harmony in Bengali and Tripura
Bengali is also shown to require an analysis similar to that of Assamese,
but the restricted domain of harmony require the constraint is
*[-ATR][+high +ATR].

It is shown that locality, another important factor in harmony is apparent
from the blocking of harmony by a nasal segment only in the immediate
vicinity of the triggering segments /i/ and /u/. Locality is also evident
in exceptional cases of vowel harmony. This dissertation shows that
exclusively leftward vowel harmony in languages is inherently a directional
process. Furthermore, there are various locality requirements in an
apparently long-distance process like vowel harmony and these have been
explored in considerable detail in this dissertation. This dissertation is
of relevance to theoretical phonologists, phoneticians as well as
researchers interested in South Asian linguistics.

Publication Year: 2008
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Phonetics
Phonology
Subject Language(s): Assamese
Bengali
Pulaar
Karajá
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789078328476
Pages: 294
Prices: Europe EURO 25.02