"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Author won Antonio Zampolli prize for outstanding contributions to the
Comprehensive look at MT technology from the perspective of a participant
in its history and development.
Details the deep differences and struggles between rival groups on how best
to do MT. Considers MT as a fundamental part of Artificial Intelligence and
the ultimate test-bed for all computational linguistics.
Machine Translation (MT) is both an engineering technology and a measure of
all things to do with languages and computers—whenever a new theory of
language or linguistics is offered, an important criteria for its success
is whether or not it will improve machine translation.
This book presents a history of machine translation (MT) from the point of
view of a major writer and innovator in the subject. It describes and
contrasts a range of approaches to the challenges and problems of this
remarkable technology by means of a combination of historic papers along
with commentaries to update their significance, both at the time of their
writing and now. This volume chronicles the evolution of conflicting
approaches to MT towards a somewhat skeptical consensus on future progress.
Also included is a discussion of the most recent developments in the field
and prospects for the future, which have been much changed by the arrival
of the World Wide Web.