"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Discourses on Language and Integration
Critical perspectives on language testing regimes in Europe
Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 33
One of the most pressing issues in contemporary European societies is the
need to promote integration and social inclusion in the context of rapidly
increasing migration. A particular challenge confronting national
governments is how to accommodate speakers of an ever-increasing number of
languages within what in most cases are still perceived as monolingual
indigenous populations. This has given rise to public debates in many
countries on controversial policies imposing a requirement of competence in
a 'national' language and culture as a condition for acquiring citizenship.
However, these debates are frequently conducted almost entirely at a
national level within each state, with little if any attention paid to the
broader European context. At the same time, further EU enlargement and the
ongoing rise in the rate of migration into and across Europe suggest that
the salience of these issues is likely to continue to grow. This volume
offers a critical analysis of these debates and emerging discourses on
integration and challenges the assumptions underlying the new 'language