"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Ellipsis, syntax and discourse in the acquisition of European Portuguese
This book offers a new contribution to the debate concerning the
acquisition of the syntax-discourse interface. It provides evidence that
children acquiring European Portuguese have a very early ability to
spontaneously produce VP ellipsis as answers to yes-no questions. It is
also argued that the distribution of VP ellipsis in European Portuguese
(including its co-existence with Null Complement Anaphora) supports the
hypothesis that the identification condition on ellipsis is derivable from
some innate knowledge of the syntax-discourse interface. Answers to yes-no
questions also provide evidence concerning children’s interpretation of
questions containing a cleft or the operator só ‘only’. The analysis of
spontaneous production is complemented by a comprehension experiment,
showing that children have two problems in the interpretation of these
questions: (i) they do not understand that the cleft and só introduce a
presupposition and (ii) they start with a default focus assignment strategy
and may not access other focus interpretations.