"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
European University Studies. Series 21: Linguistics. Vol. 341
This book is a contribution to the study of morphological productivity,
that is, the property of word-formation processes whereby new words are
created to satisfy a naming need. It presents an up-to-date picture of this
phenomenon, characterising its major attributes and addressing neighbouring
theoretical concepts like availability, profitability or lexicalisation.
Links are also established between those notions and N+N compounding, a
word-formation process regarded as very productive but traditionally
overlooked in studies of this type. Unlike other productivity surveys,
mostly directed at affixation, a corpus of N+N compounds is here compiled
to which the mainstream models of productivity are applied. This allows to
detect the pros and cons of those proposals and to propose a model of
productivity. Two measures, Indicator of Profitability (p) and Trend of
Profitability (P), are introduced which can be applied across
word-formation processes and are able to compute their productivity based
on semantic categories.
What is a Compound?: Major Features - Classical Standpoints - Noun
Compounds in Contemporary English - The Boundary between Morphology and
Syntax - What is Morphological Productivity?: Word-formation - Rudiments -
Factors Influencing Productivity - Gradation - Morphological Productivity
Measurement: Productivity as Analysable Words - Productivity as
Potentiality - Stekauer: the Onomasiological Approach - Neologism-based
counts - Relative Frequency and Phonotactics - A Model for Profitability.