"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Language Adaptation examines the process by which a speech community is
forced to adopt an active role in making its language suitable for changing
functional requirements. This wide-ranging collection of essays looks at
this phenomenon from a variety of historical and synchronic perspectives,
and brings together the work of a number of leading scholars in the field.
Several different languages are examined at different stages of their
history, including Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Kiswahili, German and
Hindi. This well-informed book is a significant contribution to the
existing literature on language planning, and is the first to use one
theoretical concept to deal with the relationship between natural and
deliberate language change. It shows that language adaptation is a
particular aspect of language change, and thus establishes a link between
the social and the historical study of language. It will appeal to graduate
students and professionals in linguistics and the social sciences, as well
as to practitioners of language planning.