A vivid commentary on Jewish survival and Jewish speech communities that will be enjoyed by the general reader, and is essential reading for students and researchers interested in the study of Middle Eastern languages, Jewish studies, and sociolinguistics.
Generative linguists have always claimed that the transformational models
of language offer the best descriptive accounts of language. But they have
often made a further and more ambitious claim for these models: that they
have some psychological validity and represent our mental organisation of
linguistic knowledge. The models are therefore supposed to explain at least
some aspects of how, as speakers and listeners, we produce, perceive and
understand all human utterances. Dr. Linell attacks this claim and
particularly its application to phonology and offers fundamental criticisms
of the ‘orthodox’ school of generative phonology associated with Chomsky
and Halle. His own positive proposals stress the importance of surface
phenomena as opposed to abstract underlying forms and lead to a new
typology of phonological rules and a new consideration of the relations
between phonology and phonetics and between phonology and morphology. The
book will interest a wide range of linguists and some psychologists as well
as specialists in phonology and phonetics.