"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Future in Thought and Language
Diachronic Evidence from Romance
Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 36
Questions about the development of the Romance future have engaged scholars
since Thielmann's classic statement of 1885, yet a century later a number
of the fundamental issues remain unresolved. Professor Fleischman suggests
that this is in part due to the narrow sense in which the question has
traditionally been formulated - as simply the history of the
'future-tense' slot in the grammar - and in part the result of the
investigative approach, which until recently has taken little account of
important advances in general linguistics in the field of diachronic
syntax. The present volume examines 'future' as a conceptual category and
discusses the various strategies that have been used to map this conceptual
category on to grammar in Romance. The data are taken in the main from
Western Romance languages, particularly French, and frequent parallels are
drawn with English. To account for the evolution of the future, Professor
Fleischman proposes a network of interrelated, often cyclical developments
in syntax and semantics, and seeks to place the individual diachronic
events within a broader framework of syntactic typology and universal
patterns of word-order change.