"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Multilingualism and Minority Languages
Achievements and challenges in education. AILA Review, Volume 21
This volume includes research by specialists in minority languages and
multilingual education from five European regions (Basque Country,
Catalonia, Friesland, Ireland and Wales). In their educational contexts,
the minority languages discussed are in contact with other, stronger
languages which are majority languages in each of the regions (Spanish in
the Basque Country and Catalonia, Dutch in Friesland, English in Ireland
and Wales) and also with further languages of international communication.
This issue of AILA Review analyzes the results of research conducted on
bilingual and multilingual programs in which a 'unique' minority language
is used as one of the languages of instruction. Specifically it looks at
the results of research studies on proficiency in the majority, minority
and other languages, academic outcomes and attitudes. It also examines
challenges of teaching through a minority language in a changing world
facing globalization, immigration as well as the spread of English. These
minority language programs have their own characteristics but their
analysis and evaluation provide useful information for other languages in