"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The contributions of this thematic collection center around the typology of pronominal paradigms, the generation of syntactic and semantic representations for constructions containing pronouns, and the neurological underpinnings for linguistic distinctions that are relevant for the production and interpretation of these constructions. They come from different theoretical approaches and methodological backgrounds and take into account data from a wide range of Indoeuropean and non-Indoeuropean languages. Bringing together a cross-section of recent research on the grammar and representation of pronouns, the volume offers a kaleidoscope of studies united by the common topic of pronouns as a domain of language that exemplarily shows the interaction of different components responsible for computational (syntactic and semantic), lexical, and discourse-pragmatic processes.
Table of Contents
List of contributors vii•viii Preface ix Glossary xi Grammatical properties of pronouns and their representation: An exposition Heike Wiese and Horst J. Simon 1•21 Structuring the bundle: A universal morphosyntactic feature geometry Heidi Harley and Elizabeth Ritter 23•39 ‘We’ rules: The impact of an inclusive/exclusive opposition on the paradigmatic structure of person marking Michael Cysouw 41•62 Reference devices in Sinhala Neelakshi Chandrasena Premawardhena 63•83 Indefinite pronouns: Morphology and syntax in cross-linguistic perspective Helmut Weiss 85•107 Reference and representation of pronouns Klaus von Heusinger 109•135 The dynamics of syntax: Anaphora, relative pronouns and crossover Ruth Kempson and Wilfried Meyer-Viol 137•160 The third person pronoun in tripartite verbless clauses of umran Hebrew Jacobus A. Naudé 161•181 Pronominal nouns Phoevos Panagiotidis 183•203 Harmonic alignment and the hierarchy of pronouns in German Gereon Müller 205•232 Cortical reflections of two pronominal relations Maria Mercedes Piñango 233•252 Pronoun omission in Dutch and German agrammatic speech Esterella Roo 253•284 Language index 285•286 Subject index 287•292