"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Implicit and Explicit Knowledge in Second Language Learning, Testing and Teaching
The implicit/explicit distinction is central to our understanding of the
nature of L2 acquisition. This book begins with an account of how this
distinction applies to L2 learning, knowledge and instruction. It then
reports a series of studies describing the development of a battery of
tests providing relatively discrete measurements of L2 explicit/implicit
knowledge. These tests were then utilized to examine a number of key issues
in SLA - the learning difficulty of different grammatical structures, the
role of L2 implicit/ explicit knowledge in language proficiency, the
relationship between learning experiences and learners’ language knowledge
profiles, the metalinguistic knowledge of teacher trainees and the effects
of different types of form-focused instruction on L2 acquisition. The book
concludes with a consideration of how the tests can be further developed
and applied in the study of L2 acquisition.