"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Use of Definite and Indefinite Reference in Young Children
Note: This is the re-issue of a previously published book.
The book presents a series of studies that probe young children's knowledge
of a relatively well-defined, abstract semantic realm, that of definite and
indefinite reference. Topics investigated include children's knowledge of
the difference between referring to particular objects (e.g. I have a dog,
which refers to a particular dog) and no particular objects at all (e.g. I
don't have a dog, which makes reference to no particular dog) and their
knowledge of how to account for the knowledge of their listeners in
situations, e.g. in which they have in mind a particular reference but
their listen does not. Because overlapping problems are investigated by a
wide variety of methods, it is possible to verify more certainly the true
level of children's performance. At the same time, the investigation by
many methods illustrates how methodological problems may systematically
affect and at times even distort our picture of development if not
carefully allowed for.