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Words Onscreen

By Naomi S. Baron

Words Onscreen "explores how technology is reshaping our understanding of what it means to read."


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Communication Accommodation Theory

Edited by Howard Giles

Most people modify their ways of speaking, writing, texting, and e-mailing, and so on, according to the people with whom they are communicating. This fascinating book asks why we 'accommodate' to others in this way, and explores the various social consequences arising from it.


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Title: Transderivational Identity: Phonological Relations between Words
Written By: Laura Benua
Description:

This dissertation sets out a theory of phonology-morphology interaction consistent with parallelist Optimality Theory. The core idea is that word formation rules -- e.g., affixation of _cat_ to yield _cats_ -- are mirrored by an identity relation between the derived word and its base word. This phonological relation, which holds between two surface forms, is called output-to-output (OO) correspondence, and is conceived as part of the Correspondence Theory of faithfulness proposed by McCarthy & Prince (1995). Thus, like input-to-output (IO) faithfulness, OO-faithfulness is regulated by ranked and violable constraints in a monostratal grammar.
OO-faithfulness competes with IO-faithfulness (and with markedness constraints) in the optimization of pairs of related words, or subparadigms.

This theory is motivated by a class of cases in which identity of related words surpasses what is expected from shared underlying form.
In these cases, a derived word violates a phonotactic pattern to better resemble its base word -- e.g., _c"ond"ens'ation stresses its second syllable, and violates a constraint against stress clash, to achieve identity with its base _c"ond'ense_. Previous analyses of these patterns rely on serial ordering, allowing _c"ond'ense_ to serve as an intermediate stage in the derivation of _c"ond"ens'ation_.
OO-correspondence obviates serialism, explaining so-called "cyclic effects" as the product of constraint ranking in fully parallel derivation.

Publication Year: 2000
Publisher: Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, Umass
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Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Phonology
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
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