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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: Transderivational Identity: Phonological Relations between Words
Written By: Laura Benua
Description:

This dissertation sets out a theory of phonology-morphology interaction consistent with parallelist Optimality Theory. The core idea is that word formation rules -- e.g., affixation of _cat_ to yield _cats_ -- are mirrored by an identity relation between the derived word and its base word. This phonological relation, which holds between two surface forms, is called output-to-output (OO) correspondence, and is conceived as part of the Correspondence Theory of faithfulness proposed by McCarthy & Prince (1995). Thus, like input-to-output (IO) faithfulness, OO-faithfulness is regulated by ranked and violable constraints in a monostratal grammar.
OO-faithfulness competes with IO-faithfulness (and with markedness constraints) in the optimization of pairs of related words, or subparadigms.

This theory is motivated by a class of cases in which identity of related words surpasses what is expected from shared underlying form.
In these cases, a derived word violates a phonotactic pattern to better resemble its base word -- e.g., _c"ond"ens'ation stresses its second syllable, and violates a constraint against stress clash, to achieve identity with its base _c"ond'ense_. Previous analyses of these patterns rely on serial ordering, allowing _c"ond'ense_ to serve as an intermediate stage in the derivation of _c"ond"ens'ation_.
OO-correspondence obviates serialism, explaining so-called "cyclic effects" as the product of constraint ranking in fully parallel derivation.

Publication Year: 2000
Publisher: Graduate Linguistic Students' Association, Umass
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Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Phonology
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
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