"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A Guide to Doing Statistics in Second Language Research Using SPSS
This valuable book shows second language researchers how to use the
statistical program SPSS to conduct statistical tests frequently done in
SLA research. Using data sets from real SLA studies, A Guide to Doing
Statistics in Second Language Research Using SPSS shows newcomers to both
statistics and SPSS how to generate descriptive statistics, how to choose a
statistical test, and how to conduct and interpret a variety of basic
statistical tests. The author covers the statistical tests that are most
commonly used in second language research, including chi-square, t-tests,
correlation, multiple regression, ANOVA and non-parametric analogs to these
tests. The text is abundantly illustrated with graphs and tables depicting
actual data sets, and exercises throughout the book help readers understand
concepts (such as the difference between independent and dependent
variables) and work out statistical analyses. Answers to all exercises are
provided on the book’s companion website, along with sample data sets and
other supplementary material.