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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

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Title: West Germanic OV and VO
Subtitle: The Status of Exceptions
Written By: Robert Allen Cloutier
Series Title: LOT Dissertation Series

Traditionally, the oldest stages of the West Germanic languages have been
characterized as OV languages despite the rather frequent occurrence of VO
orders in these oldest stages. This project evaluates three approaches to
analyzing the free word order patterns of the oldest (West) Germanic
languages, namely construction-specific, construction-related, and
competing grammars. The first two assume one underlying word order and
differ from one another in how they account for deviations from this word
order: construction-specific approaches rely on various factors such as
heaviness or newness to explain extraposition while construction-related
approaches attribute word order variation to one particular feature such as
morphology. The competing grammars approach differs from the other two by
assuming two underlying word orders. The historical development of three
particular constructions in the history of Dutch and English are examined,
namely prepositional phrases of direction (directional phrases), objects
modified by relative clauses (relative objects), and objects of naming
verbs (naming objects), to test these hypotheses. These constructions were
chosen on the basis of the literature on word order phenomena in Dutch and
provide a novel way to approach the English data. The position of the
relevant constituent with respect to the verb is examined along with its
heaviness and newness, two factors that are often cited as having an effect
on the position of sentential elements. The conclusion of the study is that
the best way to analyze the evolving syntax of Dutch is with a combination
of construction-specific and construction-related approaches and that of
English can best be described with a combination of all three approaches.

This study is of interest to linguists interested in historical
linguistics, corpus linguistics, the Germanic languages, and syntactic
change, particularly that of the West Germanic languages Dutch and English.

Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Dutch
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 0097890783
ISBN-13: N/A