"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Word associations and second language vocabulary acquisition
What words come into your head when you think of SUN? For native English
speakers, the most common responses are MOON, SHINE and HOT, and about half
of all native speaker responses to SUN are covered by these three words. L2
English speakers are much less obliging, and produce patterns of
association that are markedly different from those produced by native
speakers. Why? What does this tell us about the way L2 speakers'
vocabularies grow and develop? This volume provides a user-friendly
introduction to a research technique which has the potential to answer some
long-standing puzzles about L2 vocabulary. The method is easy to use, even
for inexperienced researchers, but it produces immensely rich data, which
can be analysed on many different levels. The book explores how word
association data can be used to probe the development of vocabulary depth,
productive vocabulary skills and lexical organisation in L2 speakers.