"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
How Words Mean
Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction
"How Words Mean" introduces a new approach to the role of words and other
linguistic units in the construction of meaning. It does so by addressing
the interaction between non-linguistic concepts and the meanings encoded in
language. It develops an account of how words are understood when we
produce and hear language in situated contexts of use. It proposes two
theoretical constructs, the lexical concept and the cognitive model. These
are central to the accounts of lexical representation and meaning
construction developed, giving rise to the Theory of Lexical Concepts and
Cognitive Models (or LCCM Theory).
Vyvyan Evans integrates and advances recent developments in cognitive
science, particularly in cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology.
He builds a framework for the understanding and analysis of meaning that is
at once descriptively adequate and psychologically plausible. In so doing
he also addresses current issues in lexical semantics and semantic
compositionality, polysemy, figurative language, and the semantics of time
and space, and writes in a way that will be accessible to students of
linguistics and cognitive science at advanced undergraduate level and above.