This book is about floating quantifiers, or quantifiers that “float away”
from the phrase that they modify, as in “The children are all sleeping” vs.
“All the children are sleeping.” In this thesis the debate is reopened on
whether floating quantifiers are adverbials or stranded nominals. It is
argued that if the Stranding Analysis is updated for innovations such as
the Split VP Hypothesis some of its most serious weaknesses disappear. It
is also argued that if the Stranding Analysis is evaluated in light of much
more empirical data than have been heretofore considered, involving a wider
range of syntactic structures in a larger number of languages, it proves to
have at least as much explanatory power as the adverbial approach.
This thesis also offers a theory of negated floating quantifiers such as
'not all' in 'The students have not all read the book' and explains why
negated quantifiers can be floated in the Germanic but not in the Romance
languages and why inverse scope (Neg > Q) is possible in the Germanic
languages in a sentence like 'All the students have not read the book' but
not in the Romance languages. Finally, this thesis presents an original
theory of floating universal numeric quantifiers such as the English 'all
three' in 'The students have all three arrived'. This study is interesting
for anyone working on quantification, floating quantifiers, sentential and
constituent negation, the lexicon-syntax interface, comparative Germanic
and Romance syntax, or Japanese floating numeral quantifiers.