"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Measuring Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition provides an examination of
the background to testing vocabulary knowledge in a second language and in
particular considers the effect that word frequency and lexical coverage
have on learning and communication in a foreign language. It examines the
tools we have for assessing the various facets of vocabulary knowledge such
as aural and written word recognition, the link with word meaning, and
vocabulary depth. These are illustrated and the scores they produce are
demonstrated to provide normative data. Vocabulary acquisition from course
books and in the classroom in examined, as is vocabulary uptake from
informal tasks. This book ties scores on tests of vocabulary breadth to
performance on standard foreign language examinations and on hierarchies of
communicative performance such as the CEFR.