"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This thesis investigates the omission of functional elements in children’s
early production. More specifically, it provides an extensive study of
object clitic omission in early Italian. This phenomenon raises a number of
questions concerning the nature of null objects in early grammars, the
relation between argument structure and referentiality, the acquisition of
syntactic and pragmatic aspects of referentiality, and the mapping between
syntactic and prosodic structures.
Three experiments aim at shedding light on the following issues: Are
referential null objects a productive option in Early Italian? Does the
phonological context in which a clitic occurs affect omission? Are clitics
omitted because they refer to information that is easily retrievable from
the preceding discourse? In this thesis it is argued that clitic omission
can be partially explained by children’s tendency to omit unstressed
syllables (such as clitics) that do not belong to a trochaic foot.
Moreover, it is shown that clitic omission can be accounted for as the
result of a non-adult like integration of syntactic and discourse-pragmatic
This study contributes to a better understanding of children’s ability to
coordinate different aspects of linguistic knowledge in the early stages of
language acquisition. It is relevant for scholars in the field of first
language acquisition,as well as for theoretical linguists working on the
syntax-discourse interface and on the syntax-phonology interface.