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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information

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Title: Kaleidoscopic Grammar
Subtitle: Investigation into the Nature of Binarism
Written By: Junichi Toyota

This monograph deals with binary features in the evolution of human
civilisation and cognition, with a particular focus on language. Our life
is surrounded by various pairs of binary features, and this is termed
binarism in this work. Binarism is pervasive, ranging from nature
(biological) to culture (anthropological and archaeological) and without a
doubt, to language. Binarim serves as a good base for further development,
and as a system becomes more complex, binarism is broken and more complex
systems involving third or fourth options emerge.

In the case of language, the earliest human language, as argued here,
consisted only of nouns, however, these nouns had a distinction between
active and inactive nouns. The active nouns referred to action or
productivity, which later turned into verb and inactive nouns stayed as
nouns. It was during this period when language became equipped with a base
to develop further with a distinction between noun and verb. This is the
onset of various changes towards the complexity of modern languages,
essentially, kaleidoscopic grammar. Various changes in language stems from
binarism, and as languages evolve, the pairs such as noun v. verb are
broken and a grammatical system in general becomes more complex. The
importance of binarism is not restricted to language and it is a powerful
tool in evolution at different levels. The pervasiveness of binarism is a
specific feature that should not be overlooked in evolution as a whole.

Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 1443814466
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 199
Prices: U.K. £ 34.99