"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Convergence and Divergence in Language Contact Situations
This book deals with the consequences of converging and diverging processes
and their development in language contact situations. It provides insights
into the various forms of language contact and the conditions under which
bilingual speakers master their everyday life in bilingual communities. Its
nine contributions cover both theoretical and typological aspects, such as
the classification of languages, the role of language contact, linguistic
complexity and spontaneous speech innovations, and convergence and
divergence processes in translation, (morpho)syntax and
phonology/phonetics. Taken together, these studies provide challenges for
linguistic theories that generalize from situations of monolingualism
suggesting instead that a sound linguistic theory cannot be a theory for
just one single, isolated language but must be a theory for at least two
languages. It must also account for the fact that some structures involved
in contact situations are not kept apart but develop in such a way that the
distance decreases between the languages involved.