"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Semantic fields are lexically coherent – the words they contain co-occur in
texts. In this book the authors introduce and define semantic domains, a
computational model for lexical semantics inspired by the theory of
semantic fields. Semantic domains allow us to exploit domain features for
texts, terms and concepts, and they can significantly boost the performance
of natural-language processing systems. Semantic domains can be derived
from existing lexical resources or can be acquired from corpora in an
unsupervised manner. They also have the property of interlinguality, and
they can be used to relate terms in different languages in multilingual
application scenarios. The authors give a comprehensive explanation of the
computational model, with detailed chapters on semantic domains, domain
models, and applications of the technique in text categorization, word
sense disambiguation, and cross-language text categorization. This book is
suitable for researchers and graduate students in computational linguistics.