"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Principien der Sprachgeschichte (1880) is Hermann Paul’s best-known work.
In this book, the German literary scholar and linguist argues that although
language is a product of human culture and the study of language is
therefore best categorised as history, language can most effectively be
analysed with methods taken from the natural sciences. Paul develops a
system of principles that draws heavily on cognitive and psychological
elements in order to account for how language has developed. In 14 chapters
he sets out a detailed account of the history of language that includes
general observations on the development of language, the consequences of
sound change, semantic shift and the divergence of etymologically connected
words, and aspects of syntax. He also compares written and spoken language
varieties, and the origins of dialects and standard languages.