"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Mémoire sur le Systéme Primitif des Voyelles dans les Langues Indo-Européennes
Written in 1878, while the author was a twenty-year-old student in Berlin,
Saussure’s only full-length work proposed the existence of two additional
sonant coefficients in the Indo-European parent language. Applying the
methods of comparison and internal reconstruction to Proto-Indo-European,
Saussure argued that the long vowels had developed from a short vowel plus
a sonant coefficient. A hypothesis far ahead of its time, his proposal was
not confirmed until 1927 when a consonantal phoneme etymologically derived
from Saussure’s A was discovered in newly deciphered Hittite, the oldest
attested Indo-European language. Not only is the Mémoire a dramatic
demonstration of the method of internal reconstruction, but it also paved
the way for further developments in historical phonology including
laryngeal theory, and may have stimulated Saussure’s later development of
structuralism. This reissue includes, as an appendix, Antoine Meillet’s
1913 obituary of Saussure.