"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Preface Endangered Languages and Their Literatures R. McKenna Brown
1. Strategies and Resources Joel Sherzer (Keynote Address: AILLA: Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America) The Pedagogical and Linguistic Issues Involved in Production of EL Materials: A Case Study of Nawat Monica Ward A Tarahumara-English Computational Semantic Lexicon J.E. Lonergan
2. Orthographies To the Letter: A Microanalysis of Currently Contested Graphemes in the Maya of Yucatan Michal Brody I Can't Read That Way of Writing:Linguistic and Indigenous Systems Clash in the Apache Language Revitalization Movement Pamela Innes
3. Proverbs, Metaphor and Poetics Re-Kindling Interest in an Endangered Language: A Way Forward for Igbo Chiroke Asogwa If You Play With Fire: Literary Production in Jicarilla Apache Jule Gomez de Garcia, Melissa Axelrod, and Jordan Lachler Cognitive Metaphor in Language Revitalization Jocelyn Ahlers
4. Endangered Languages Literatures and Education Literatures for the Semi-Literate: Issues for Emerging Literacies in the Kimberly Region of North-Western Australia Joseph Blythe & Frances Kofod The Role of Educators as Biological, Cultural, and Language Exterminators: Teaching for Creativity, Measuring for Conformity
Norman Thomson Jepkorir Chepyator-Thomson
5. Strategies: Case Studies Using Storytelling in Schools to Preserve Endangered Languages Alexis Lopez On the Steps of Memory: Theater Anthropology as an Instrument for Cultural and Linguistic Revitalization in Indigenous Communities of the Colombian Amazon Giovanna Micarelli Hernán Gomez Languages Worth Writing: Endangered Languages of Nepal Mary Morgan & Deepa Gurung
6. Oral Literatures: Collection La experiencia de recopilar el conocimiento Kuna V. Perez Rivera (I. Kungiler) The Symbolic Value of Oral Literature for the Revitalization of Tawahka David R. Margolin, Marcela Carñas, Suyapa Dilworth, and Carmen Palacios
7. Oral Literatures: Diffusion The Blossoming of Our Ancestors' Words: Oral Tradition Collected and Published by Mayan Students Andrew E. Liebermann Jacinto de Paz Perez Strategies for Promoting Endangered Language Literatures Outside Their Local Communities Nadine Grimm & Laura Martin
8. Mayan Literature Bajo la montana: Women's Stories of la violencia Janferie Stone Maya Poetics: Renaissance in Continuity 133 Maria Luz Garcia A Tissue of Lies: History versus Myth in the Nature of Time Christopher Hadfield
FEL Foundation for Endangered Languages: Manifesto 155