"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The diagnostic assessment of writing is an important aspect of language
testing which has often been neglected in the literature. However, it is an
area which poses special challenges to practitioners both in the classroom
and in large-scale testing situations. This book presents a study which set
out to develop and validate a rating scale specifically designed for the
diagnostic assessment of writing in an academic English setting. The scale
was developed by analysing a large number of writing performances produced
by both native speakers of English and learners of English as an additional
language. The rating scale was then validated using both quantitative and
qualitative methods. The study showed that a detailed data-based rating
scale is more valid and more useful for diagnostic purposes than the more
commonly used impressionistic rating scale.
Contents: Language testing – Language assessment – Writing assessment – ESL
– Rating scale development – Rating scale validation – Diagnostic
assessment – Diagnostic assessment of writing – Multi-faceted Rasch
The Author: Ute Knoch is a research fellow at the Language Testing Research
Centre at the University of Melbourne. Her research interests are in the
area of language assessment, second language acquisition, and language