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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: Topicalization and Stress Clash Avoidance in the History of English
Written By: Augustin Speyer
URL: http://www.degruyter.de/cont/fb/sk/detailEn.cfm?id=IS-9783110220230-1
Series Title: Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 69
Description:

The book is concerned with the interaction of syntax, information structure
and prosody in the history of English, demonstrating this with a case study
of object topicalization. The approach is data-oriented, using material
from syntactically parsed digital corpora of Old, Middle and Early Modern
English, which serve as a solid foundation for conclusions.

The use of object topicalization underwent a sharp decline from Old English
until today. In the present volume, a basic prosodic well-formedness
condition, the Clash Avoidance Requirement, is identified as the main
factor for this change. With the loss of V2-syntax, object topicalization
led more easily to cases in which two focalized phrases, the topicalized
object and the subject, are adjacent. The two focal accents on these
phrases would produce a clash, thus violating the Clash Avoidance
Requirement. In order to circumvent this, the use of topicalization in
critical cases is avoided.

The Clash Avoidance Requirement is highly relevant also today, as
experimental data on English and German show. Further, the Clash Avoidance
Requirement helps to explain the well-known syntactic structure of the left
periphery in Old English. An analysis positing two subject positions is
defended in the study. The variation of these subject positions is shown to
depend not on pronominal vs. lexical status of the subject but on
information structural properties.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics
Historical Linguistics
Pragmatics
Syntax
Language Change
Subject Language(s): English
English, Old
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9783110220247
Pages: 286
Prices: Europe EURO 89.95
 
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783110220230
Pages: 286
Prices: Europe EURO 89.95