"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Practical Language Testing equips you with the skills, knowledge,
and principles necessary to understand and construct language tests.
This intensely practical book gives guidelines on the design of assessments
within the classroom, and provides the necessary tools to analyze and
improve assessments, as well as deal with alignment to externally imposed
standards. Testing is situated both within the classroom and within the
larger social context, and readers are provided the knowledge necessary to
make realistic and fair decisions about the use and implementation of
tests. The book explains the normative role of large scale testing and
provides alternatives that the reader can adapt to their own context. This
fulfills the dual purpose of providing the reader with the knowledge they
need to prepare learners for tests, and the practical skills for using
assessment for learning.
Practical Language Testing is the ideal introduction for students of
applied linguistics, TESOL, and modern foreign language teaching as well as
practicing teachers required to design or implement language testing programs.