"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Linguists and lawyers from a range of countries and legal systems explore the language of the law and its participants, beginning with the role of the forensic linguist in legal proceedings, either as expert witness or in legal language reform. Subsequent chapters analyze different aspects of language and interaction in the chain of events from a police emergency call through the police interview context and into the courtroom, as well as appeal court and alternative routes to justice.
List of Tables - List of Figures - Acknowledgements - Notes on the Contributors - Introduction: Language in the Legal Process; J.Cotterill -PART I: THE LINGUIST IN THE LEGAL PROCESS - To Testify or Not to Testify?; R.W.Shuy - Whose Voice Is It? Invented and Concealed Dialogue in Written Records of Verbal Evidence Produced by the Police; M.Coulthard - Textual Barriers to United States Immigration; G.Stygall - The Language and Law of Product Warnings; P.M.Tiersma - PART II: THE LANGUAGE OF THE POLICE AND THE POLICE INTERVIEW - 'I Just Need to Ask Somebody Some uestions': Sensitivities in Domestic Dispute Calls; K.Tracy & R.R.Agne - So...? Pragmatic Implications of So-Prefaced uestions in Formal Police Interviews; A.Johnson - 'Three's a Crowd': Shifts in Dynamics in the Interpreted Interview; S.Russell - The Miranda Warnings and Linguistic Coercion: The Role of Footing in the Interrogation of a Limited-English Speaking Murder Suspect; S.Berk-Seligson - PART III: THE LANGUAGE OF THE COURTROOM I: LAWYERS AND WITNESSES - 'Just One More Time...': Change and Continuity in Courtroom Narratives in the Trials of OJ Simpson; J.Cotterill - 'Evidence Given in Unequivocal Terms': Gaining Consent of Aboriginal Young People in Court; D.Eades - The Clinton Scandal: Some Legal Lessons from Linguistics; L.M.Solan - Understanding the Other: A Case of Mis-Interpreting Culture-Specific Utterances at Alternative Dispute Resolution; R.H.Moeketsi - PATY IV: THE LANGUAGE OF THE COURTROOM II: JUDGES AND JURIES - The Meaning of 'I Go Bankrupt': An Essay in Forensic Linguistics; S.Bernstein - 'If You Were Standing in Marks and Spencers': Narrativization and Comprehension in the English Summing-Up; C.Heffer - Reasonable Doubt about Reasonable Doubt: Assessing Jury Instruction Adequacy in a Capital Case; B.K.Dumas - Discipline and Punishment in the Discourse of Legal Decision on Rape Trials; D.de C.Figueiredo
JANET COTTERILL is a Lecturer in Language and Communication at Cardiff University. She is Joint Editor of Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law.