"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The relation between ontologies and language is currently at the forefront
of natural language processing (NLP). Ontologies, as widely used models in
semantic technologies, have much in common with the lexicon. A lexicon
organizes words as a conventional inventory of concepts, while an ontology
formalizes concepts and their logical relations. A shared lexicon is the
prerequisite for knowledge-sharing through language, and a shared ontology
is the prerequisite for knowledge-sharing through information technology.
In building models of language, computational linguists must be able to
accurately map the relations between words and the concepts that they can
be linked to. This book focuses on the technology involved in enabling
integration between lexical resources and semantic technologies. It will be
of interest to researchers and graduate students in NLP, computational
linguistics, and knowledge engineering, as well as in semantics,
psycholinguistics, lexicology and morphology/syntax.