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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Compensatory Lengthening
Subtitle: Phonetics, Phonology, Diachrony
Written By: Darya Kavitskaya
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics
Description:

The term compensatory lengthening (CL) refers to a set of phonological phenomena wherein the disappearance of one element of a representation is accompanied by a lengthening of another element. This study focuses on descriptive and formal similarities and divergences between CL of vowels triggered by consonant and by vowel loss.

To account for the full range of existing compensatory phenomena as well as for the absence of certain logically possible outcomes, it is necessary to distinguish synchronic and diachronic aspects of CL. It is shown that both CL through consonant and through vowel loss arise via phonologization of inherent duration of vowels and neither involves any transfer of length or weight. Rather, intrinsic phonetic vowel durations are reinterpreted as phonologically significant upon a change in the conditioning environment or syllable structure.

Though similar diachronically, CL through consonant and vowel loss function differently in synchronic grammars. Because of this split, purely phonological accounts are inadequate to predict the full typology of CL. It is proposed that the nature of the split is due to a difference in the relationship between trigger and target for the two types of CL.

The book is intended for phonologists, as well as for general linguists.

Publication Year: 2002
Publisher: Routledge (Taylor and Francis)
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415941601
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 240
Prices: $65.00