"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Presupposition & Discourse Functions of the Japanese Particle "mo"
Do presupposition-triggers just trigger presupposition? In analyzing the semantic and pragmatic constraints on the Japanese particle mo, roughly equivalent to the English too, this book shows how the complex mechanism of the constraints accounts for its discourse function • that is, how it enables the hearer to process the sentence to achieve more effectively the speaker’s intended discourse interpretation. It provides a model to explain how the presupposition of a linguistic form and its discourse function are related to each other. In doing so, it introduces the notion of “contextual relevance”, the relation between a proposition and the context, and models this notion in the case of mo - incorporating the requirement that the proposition of a mo sentence and the context have a common entailment with contextual relevance. The monosemous account of mo also explains how the particle sometimes generates the meaning of even when the context involves scalar expectation. By combining semantic and pragmatic analyses, this book shows how the constraints on the usage of a linguistic form reveal the contribution of the form to the presupposition of the sentence and to its discourse interpretation.