"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Natural languages offer many examples of “displacement,” i.e. constructions
in which a non-local expression is critical for some grammatical end. Two
central examples include phenomena such as raising and passive on the one
hand, and control on the other. Though each phenomenon is an example of
displacement, they have been theoretically distinguished. Movement rules
have generated the former and formally very different construal rules, the
latter. The Movement Theory of Control challenges this
differentiation and argues that the operations that generate the two
constructions are the same, the differences arising from the positions
through which the displaced elements are moved. In the context of the
Minimalist Program, reducing the class of basic operations is
This volume is a collection of original papers that argue for this approach
to control on theoretical and empirical grounds as well. The papers also
develop and constrain the movement theory to account for novel phenomena
from a variety of languages.