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Title: Extraprosodicity and Syllable Structure in Berber
Subtitle: An Optimality-theoretic Analysis
Written By: Youcef Hdouch
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Afroasiatic Languages 20

The present study investigates the concept of Extraprosodicity and its
relevance to Tamazight syllable structure. This notion has been hinted at
in studies carried out within different frameworks: Prosodic Phonology (Ito
1986- 1989); Hayes (1993)); Autosegmental Phonology (Goldsmith (1990));
Prosodic Morphology (McCarthy (1985-1989) and Optimality Theory (McCarthy
and Prince (1993); Prince and Smolensky (1993)). However, this notion still
needs to be explored further. The reason for this maneuver is twofold: a)
to determine what Extraprosodicity is and b) to exactly explain the
principles that condition its use. Such limitations make of
Extraprosodicity a principal research objective especially that it makes
the formulation of rules having to do with Tamazight syllable structure an
easy enterprise.

This study is thus concerned with the applicability of the notion of
extraprosodicity in analysing aspects of syllable structure of a variety of
Tamazight spoken in El ksiba . Ait Wirra Tamazight Berber (Henceforth
AWTB). Extraprosodicity simply means that syllable-building rules are blind
to incorporating certain edge constituents into the structures they build.
In the case of syllable structure, the extraprosodicity model uses the
notion of Extrasyllabicity.

Three reasons stand behind the exploration of Extraprosodicity. First, this
concept has received little attention from Berberists. The works that have
dealt with cases involving Extraprosodicity and its relevance to Tamazight
syllable structure are Bader (1985), Adnour (1994) and Faizi (2002).
Second, the treatments propounded in these studies have failed to come up
with an account that is explanatorily adequate, since Extraprosodicity is
considered a tool to account only for irregular cases where schwa
epenthesis is blocked. Third, the analyses undertaken in these works
consider Extraprosodicity a language-specific mechanism. Thus, they fail to
recognize it as the result of the interaction of more general constraints
pertaining to Universal Grammar.

In this book, beside relying on the assumptions of Standard Non-linear
Generative Phonology, we basically assume the conception of grammar as
proposed within Optimality Theory (henceforth OT). It is within the general
framework of OT (McCarthy and Prince (op.cit.) and Prince and Smolensky
(op.cit.) and later development, namely Correspondence Theory - that we
attempt an analysis of some aspects of AWTB word morphophonology that
motivate the use of Extraprosodicity. In fact, the basic principles of OT
will be applied to explain the interaction between prosodic phenomena such
as syllabification, epenthesis and affixation, a morphological process. To
explain, some prosodic words’ final syllables end in a sequence of three
consonants, a structure not permitted word internally. Monoconsonantal
coronal nominal affixes and verbal clitics create these sequences. The
second chunk of the feminine morpheme /t ----- t/, the third masculine /
feminine object clitics /t/ and /tt/, the second part of the 2nd person
pronoun /t --- d/ and the orientation index /d/ give rise to clusters of
three consonants when attached to nominal and verbal stems respectively.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Kabyle
Language Family(ies): Berber
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783895861383
Pages: 226
Prices: Europe EURO 66.50