Academic texts present subject-specific ideas within a subject-independent
framework. This book accounts for the presence of academic words in
academic writing by exploring recurring patterns of function in texts
representing different subject areas. The book presents a framework which
describes academic word use at the ideational, textual and interpersonal
levels. Functional categories are presented and illustrated which explain
the role of academic words alongside general purpose and technical terms.
The author examines biomedical research articles, and journal articles from
arts, commerce and law. A comparable analysis focuses on university
textbook chapters. Case studies investigate patterns of functionality
within the main sections of research articles, compare word use in academic
and non-academic texts reporting on the same research, and explore the
carrier word function of academic vocabulary. The study concludes by
looking at historical and contemporary processes which have shaped the
presence of academic vocabulary in the English lexicon.
Academic vocabulary - Theoretical contributions to a functional framework -
A functional framework for classifying academic word use - Sections of a
biomedical research article - Biomedical research articles - Research
articles across subject areas - Textbook chapters across subject areas -
Comparison of journal and newspaper texts - Carrier words.
David Hirsh is a lecturer in TESOL at the University of Sydney. His main
research areas are vocabulary development, second language assessment, and
academic adjustment. His research has appeared in Reading in a Foreign
Language and Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée, and in the volumes
Teaching Academic Writing and the Continuum Companion to Research Methods
in Applied Linguistics. He is associate editor of the University of Sydney
Papers in TESOL.