"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Complex Lexical Items or CLIs are sequences such as comparable and proud
of. They are complex, because they consist of more than one part, but they
are also lexical items: they are likely to be stored as units in speakers'
linguistic repertoires. What people know about CLIs and how they use this
knowledge, is the topic of this book. Taking a usage-based view of language
acquisition, Maria Mos investigates children's knowledge of Dutch CLIs in a
number of online and offline experiments. Performance on these tasks is
contrasted with frequency data from corpora and with adult performance.
These studies investigate specific CLIs, but also seek to find out if evidence
can be found for knowledge of underlying patterns. The experimental data are
interpreted in the light of a model of Multiple Representations, which draws on
insights from the Construction Grammar framework. Because this book
combines corpus and experimental data on a topic at the crossroads between
lexicon, morphology and syntax, it is of interest to linguists coming from
diverse scientific angles. The analyses convincingly show that it is
necessary to assume that both concrete CLIs and (partially) abstract
representations are part of speakers' linguistic repertoires. They should not be
thought of as either pertaining to the lexicon or being part of syntax: they are
Complex Lexical Items.