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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: Speech, Memory, and Meaning
Subtitle: Intertextuality in Everyday Language
Written By: Boris Gasparov
URL: http://www.degruyter.de/cont/fb/sk/detailEn.cfm?id=IS-9783110219104-1
Series Title: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] 214
Description:

The book pursues a usage-oriented strategy of language description by
infusing it with the central concept of post-structural semiotics and literary
theory - that of intertextual memory. Its principal claim is that all new facts of
language are grounded in the speakers' memory of previous experiences of
using language. It is a "speech to speech" model: every new fact of speech
is seen as emerging out of recalled fragments that are reiterated and
manipulated at the same time. By the same token, the new meaning is
always superscribed on something familiar and recognizable as its (more or
less radical) alteration. The model offers a way to describe the meaning of
language as an open-ended process, the way the meaning of literary works is
described in modern literary criticism.

The basic unit of the intertextual model is the Communicative Fragment (CF).
A CF is a fraction of speech of any shape, meaning, and stylistic
provenance, which speakers recognize and, as a consequence, treat as a
whole. Its chief attributes are a prefabricated shape, an integral meaning (i.e.,
perceived as a whole whose scope always goes beyond the analyzable), and
a specific communicative "texture" alluding at a speech genre, a tangible
speech situation, and profiles of the speaker and the implied addressee.
Although a CF has a recognizable shape, it is not as definitively set as that
of stationary linguistic signs (words and morphemes). A CF can be tempered
with, truncated or expanded, adapted to and fused with other CFs.

The book describes in detail typical devices by which speakers manipulate
their resources of linguistic memory, whose ever-new constellations in
speech create infinite possibilities for new variations and shades of meaning.

The book is of interest to linguists in such diverse fields as cognitive
linguistics, discourse analysis, functional linguistics, language pedagogy,
translation studies, semiotics, and the philosophy of language.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Discourse Analysis
Linguistic Theories
Cognitive Science
Communications
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9783110219111
Pages: 302
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95
 
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783110219104
Pages: 302
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95