This book examines various linguistic phenomena and determines that certain constructions should be treated as complex predicates. Specifically, the book explores auxiliary and verb combinations in future, perfect, and passive constructions; causative constructions; verb complex constructions with raising and control verbs; subject and object predicatives; depictive secondary predicates; resultative constructions; and particle and verb combinations. The properties of all these constructions are studied on a broad empirical basis, mainly with data from German.
Using scrambling and fronting data, the author argues that all these constructions---except the depictive secondary predicates, which are analyzed as adjuncts---should be treated as complex predicates. The potential for a verb to enter a resultative construction or to form a particle verb that follows a productive pattern is licensed by lexical rules. Base verb and resultative predicate, and base verb and particle are combined in syntax by the same rule that licenses verbal complexes.
Arguments that have been put forward in order to show that particle verbs have to be treated in the morphology component are discussed and refuted. An analysis of inflection and derivation is provided that is compatible with the syntactic analysis of particle verbs. As a byproduct, this analysis solves the bracketing paradox with regard to particle verbs often discussed in the literature. [To order this book, contact The University of Chicago Press. Call their toll free order number 1-800-621-2736 (U.S. & Canada only) or order online at http://www.press.uchicago.edu/ (use the search feature to locate the book, then order).]